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Please refer to the following publications to learn more about the data cited in our materials.

Basson, R., Berman, J., Burnett, A., Derogatis, L., Ferguson, D., Fourcroy, J., et al. (2000). Report of the international consensus development conference on female sexual dysfunction: definitions and classifications. The Journal of Urology163(3), 888–93.

Bennett, R. M. (1989). Beyond fibromyalgia: ideas on etiology and treatment. The Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement19, 185–91.

Binenbaum, S. & Goldfarb, M. (2006). Inadvertent enterotomy in minimally invasive abdominal surgery. Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, 10(3): 336-340.

Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., et al. (2010). National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 2010 Summary Report and Sexual Violence Survey : Atlanta.

Brandsborg, B., Nikolajsen, L., Hansen, C. T., Kehlet, H., & Jensen, T. S. (2007). Risk factors for chronic pain after hysterectomy: a nationwide questionnaire and database study. Anesthesiology, 106(5), 1003–12. doi:10.1097/01.anes.0000265161.39932.e8

Bulletti, C., Coccia, M. E., Battistoni, S., & Borini, A. (2010). Endometriosis and infertility. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 27(8), 441–7. doi:10.1007/s10815-010-9436-1

Campbell, S. M., Clark, S., Tindall, E. A., Forehand, M. E., & Bennett, R. M. (1983). Clinical characteristics of fibrositis. I. A “blinded,” controlled study of symptoms and tender points. Arthritis and Rheumatism26(7), 817–24.

CDC, ASRM, & SART. (2012). 2010 Assisted Reproductive Technology: National Summary Report. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Chandra, A., Copen, C. E., & Stephen, E. H. (2013). Infertility and Impaired Fecundity in the United States, 1982-2010: Data From the National Survey of Family Growth. National Health Statistics Reports, (67).

Cirpan, T., Akman, L., Yucebilgin, M. S., Terek, M. C., & Kazandi, M. (2013). Reproductive outcome after surgical treatment of endometriosis–retrospective analytical study. Ginekologia Polska, 84(12), 1041–4.

Cuccia, A.M., Caradonna, C., Annunziata, V., Caradonna, D. (2010). Osteopathic manual therapy versus conventional conservative therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapy, 14(2):179-84.

Domar, A. D., Clapp, D., Slawsby, E. A., Dusek, J., Kessel, B., & Freizinger, M. (2000). Impact of group psychological interventions on pregnancy rates in infertile women. Fertility and Sterility73(4), 805–11.

Ellis, H., Moran, B. J., Thompson, J. N., Parker, M. C., Wilson, M. S., Menzies, D., et al. (1999). Adhesion-related hospital readmissions after abdominal and pelvic surgery: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet353(9163), 1476–80. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(98)09337-4

Gleicher, N., & Barad, D. (2006). Unexplained infertility: does it really exist? Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)21(8), 1951–5. doi:10.1093/humrep/del135

Gleicher, N., Confino, E., Corfman, R., Coulam, C., DeCherney, A., Haas, G., et al. (1993). The multicentre transcervical balloon tuboplasty study: conclusions and comparison to alternative technologies. Hum. Reprod.8(8), 1264–71.

Gupta, S., Goldberg, J. M., Aziz, N., Goldberg, E., Krajcir, N., & Agarwal, A. (2008). Pathogenic mechanisms in endometriosis-associated infertility. Fertility and Sterility, 90(2), 247–57. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.02.093

Hamel, K. J. (2007). Incidence of adhesions at repeat cesarean delivery. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology196(5), e31–2. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2006.09.011

Harb, H. M., Gallos, I. D., Chu, J., Harb, M., & Coomarasamy, A. (2013). The effect of endometriosis on in vitro fertilisation outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 120(11), 1308–20. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.12366

HCUPnet: A tool for identifying, tracking, and analyzing national hospital statistics. 2012. Available at:

Heim, L. J. (2001). Evaluation and differential diagnosis of dyspareunia. American Family Physician63(8), 1535–44.

Hobson, J. A. (1968). Sleep after exercise. Science (New York, N.Y.)162(3861), 1503–5.

Kalamir, A., Pollard, H., Vitiello, A., Bonello, R. (2010). Intra-oral myofascial therapy for chronic myogenous temporomandibular disorders: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Journal of manual medicine and manipulative therapy, 18(3):139-46.

Latthe, P., Latthe, M., Say, L., Gülmezoglu, M., & Khan, K. S. (2006). WHO systematic review of prevalence of chronic pelvic pain : a neglected reproductive health morbidity. BMC Public Health6, 1–7. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-177

Laumann, E. O., Paik, A., & Rosen, R. C. (1999). Sexual dysfunction in the United States: prevalence and predictors. JAMA : The Journal of the American Medical Association281(6), 537–44.

Liakakos, T., Thomakos, N., Fine, P., Dervenis, C., & Young, R. (2001). Peritoneal adhesions: etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical significance. Recent advances in prevention and management. Dig Surg18(4), 206–273.

Lyell, D. J., Caughey, A. B., Hu, E., & Daniels, K. (2005). Peritoneal closure at primary cesarean delivery and adhesions. Obstetrics and Gynecology106(2), 275–80. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000171120.81732.4c

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McCain, G. A., Bell, D. A., Mai, F. M., & Halliday, P. D. (1988). A controlled study of the effects of a supervised cardiovascular fitness training program on the manifestations of primary fibromyalgia. Arthritis and Rheumatism31(9), 1135–41.

Moldofsky, H., Scarisbrick, P., England, R., & Smythe, H. (1975). Musculosketal symptoms and non-REM sleep disturbance in patients with “fibrositis syndrome” and healthy subjects. Psychosomatic Medicine37(4), 341–51.

Morales, K. J., Gordon, M. C., & Bates, G. W. (2007). Postcesarean delivery adhesions associated with delayed delivery of infant. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology196(5), 461.e1–6. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2006.12.017

Office of Women’s Health. (2009a). Endometriosis Fact Sheet

Office of Women’s Health. (2009b). Hysterectomy Fact Sheet

Office of Women’s Health. (2010a). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Factsheet

Office of Women’s Health. (2010b). Fibromyalgia Fact Sheet

Ohrbach, R., Fillingim, R.B., Mulkey, F., Gonzalez, Y., Gordon, S., Gremillion, H., et al. (2011). Clinical findings and pain symptoms as potential risk factors for chronic TMD: descriptive data and empirically identified domains from the OPPERA case-control study. Journal of Pain, 12(11 Suppl):T27-T45.

Paras, M. L., Murad, M. H., Chen, L. P., Goranson, E. N., Sattler, A. L., Colbenson, K. M., et al. (2009). Sexual abuse and lifetime diagnosis of somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA : The Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(5), 550–61. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1091

Parker, J. D., Sinaii, N., Segars, J. H., Godoy, H., Winkel, C., & Stratton, P. (2005). Adhesion formation after laparoscopic excision of endometriosis and lysis of adhesions. Fertility and Sterility, 84(5), 1457–61. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.04.057

Paulus, W. E., Zhang, M., Strehler, E., El-Danasouri, I., & Sterzik, K. (2002). Influence of acupuncture on the pregnancy rate in patients who undergo assisted reproduction therapy. Fertility and Sterility77(4), 721–4.

Perousanksy, M. and Hemmings Jr, H.C. (2009). Neurotoxicity of General Anesthetics: Cause for Concern? Anesthesiology, 111(6), 1365-1371.

Rice, A. D., Reed, E. D., Patterson, K., Wurn, B. F., & Wurn, L. J. (2013a). Clearing bowel obstruction and decreasing pain in a terminally ill patient via manual physical therapy. Journal of Palliative Medicine16(3), 222–3. doi:10.1089/jpm.2012.0458

Rice, A., King, R., Reed, E., Patterson, K., Wurn, B., & Wurn, L. (2013b). Manual Physical Therapy for Non-Surgical Treatment of Adhesion-Related Small Bowel Obstructions: Two Case Reports. J Clin Med2(1), 1–12. doi:10.3390/jcm2010001

Rice AD, Patterson K, Wurn BF, King CR and Wurn LJ. (2014). Update on “Decreasing dyspareunia and dysmenorrhea in women with endometriosis via a manual physical therapy: results from 2 independent studies”. Journal of Endometriosis, 6(3):161-162. DOI: 10.5301/je.5000193

Rice AD, Patterson K, Wakefield LB, Reed ED, Breder KP, Wurn BF, King CR and Wurn LJ. (2015a). Ten-year retrospective study on the efficacy of a manual physical therapy to treat female infertility. Alt Ther Health Med, 21(3):32-40.

Rice AD, Klingenberg B, Wurn BF, King CR and Wurn LJ. (2015b). Treating Small Bowel Obstruction with a Manual Physical Therapy: A Controlled Prospective Efficacy Study, Gastroenterology. 148(4):S-644. doi: 10.1016/S0016-5085(15)32174-0

Rice AD, King CR. Decreasing Post-Surgical Adhesions That Cause Recurrent Small Bowel Obstructions with a Conservative Manual Physical Therapy. In: Miller R, ed. Intussusception and Bowel Obstruction: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Options. 2nd Ed. Hauppauge, NY: NOVA Scientific Publishing; 2015:113–124.

Rice, A.D., Patterson, K., Reed, E.D., Wurn, B.F., Klingenberg, B., King III, C.R., & Wurn, L.W. (2016). Treating small bowel obstruction with a manual physical therapy: A prospective efficacy study. BioMed Research International, 2016: 7610387. doi: 10.1155/2016/7610387

Rier, S. E., Martin, D. C., Bowman, R. E., & Becker, J. L. (1995). Immunoresponsiveness in endometriosis: implications of estrogenic toxicants. Environmental Health Perspectives103 Suppl , 151–6.

Rosen, R., Brown, C., Heiman, J., Leiblum, S., Meston, C., Shabsigh, R., et al. (2000). The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI): A Multidimensional Self-Report Instrument for the Assessment of Female Sexual Function. J Sex Marital Ther26(2), 191–208.

Saito, E.T., Akashi, P.M., Sacco Ide, C. (2009). Global body posture evaluation in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder. Clinics, 64(1):35-9.

Schneider, M. J. (1995). Tender points/fibromyalgia vs. trigger points/myofascial pain syndrome: a need for clarity in terminology and differential diagnosis. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics18(6), 398–406.

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Travell, J., & Simons, D. (1983). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction. Baltimore, Maryland: Waverly Press.

Tuncer, A.B., Ergun, N., Tuncer, A.H., Karahan, S. (2013). Effectiveness of manual therapy and home physical therapy in patients with temporomandibular disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapy, 17(3):302-8.

Walczyńska-Dragon, K., Baron, S., Nitecka-Buchta, A., Tkacz, E. (2014). Correlation between TMD and Cervical Spine Pain and Mobility: Is the Whole Body Balance TMJ Related? BioMed Research International, 2014:582414.

Woad, K. J., Watkins, W. J., Prendergast, D., & Shelling, A. N. (2006). The genetic basis of premature ovarian failure. The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology46(3), 242–4. doi:10.1111/j.1479-828X.2006.00585.x

Won, H. R., & Abbott, J. (2010). Optimal management of chronic cyclical pelvic pain: an evidence-based and pragmatic approach. International Journal of Women’s Health2, 263–77. doi:10.2147/IJWH.S7991

Wurn, B., Wurn, L., & King, R. (2009). Miracle Moms, Better Sex, Less Pain. Gainesville: Med-Arts Press.

Wurn, B. F., Wurn, L. J., King, C. R., Heuer, M. a, Roscow, A. S., Hornberger, K., & Scharf, E. S. (2008). Treating fallopian tube occlusion with a manual pelvic physical therapy. Altern Ther Health Med14(1), 18–23.

Wurn, B. F., Wurn, L. J., King, C. R., Heuer, M. A., Roscow, A. S., Scharf, E. S., & Shuster, J. J. (2004a). Treating female infertility and improving IVF pregnancy rates with a manual physical therapy technique. MedGenMed6(2), 51.

Wurn, B. F., Wurn, L. J., Patterson, K., King, C. R., & Scharf, E. S. (2011). Decreasing dyspareunia and dysmenorrhea in women with endometriosis via a manual physical therapy: Results from two independent studies. J Endometriosis3(4), 188–196.–results-from-two-independent-studies-je-11-0029

Wurn, L. J., Wurn, B. F., Kan, M., King, C. R., Roscow, A. S., & Scharf, E. S. (2006). P-462. Fertil. Steril.86(3), S307. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.07.824

Wurn, L. J., Wurn, B. F., King, C. R., Roscow, A. S., Scharf, E. S., & Shuster, J. J. (2004b). Increasing orgasm and decreasing dyspareunia by a manual physical therapy technique. MedGenMed6(4), 47.

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Weinstock, Leonard & S A Pratt, Janey & Wurn, Lawrence & Hepburn, Sharon. (2018). Manual physical therapy clears adhesive bowel obstruction and strictures in a patient with Crohn’s disease. International Journal of Case Reports. 10.28933/ijcr-2018-04-2801.

Rice AD, Patterson K, Reed ED, et al. Decreasing recurrent bowel obstructions, improving quality of life with physiotherapy: Controlled study. World J Gastroenterol. 2018;24(19):2108–2119. doi:10.3748/wjg.v24.i19.2108

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